Department of Defense

Acronym: 
DoD
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Michael Dunlavey

Torture Connection: 
Dunlavey begins transformation of Gitmo into torture camp
  • Born Buffalo, NY.
  • Bachelor of Law from Notre Dame University, 1967.
  • Commissioned in U.S. Army (via ROTC). Served 4 years in Germany and Vietnam.
  • J.D. from State University of New York at Buffalo School of Law, 1974.
  • Worked in private practice in Pennsylvania and as Assistant District Attorney and Assistant Public Defender, Erie County, PA
  • Elected as judge in Pennsylvania Court of Common Please, 6th Judicial Circuit, 1999.
  • Meanwhile, served in Army Reserve as an intelligence officer, with assignments that included a stint at the National Intelligence Agency.
  • Rose to rank of Brigadier General, named Deputy Commander of Army Intelligence and Security Command andAssistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Army Intelligence.
  • Promoted to Major General (highest possible rank for a reserve officer), chosen by NSA Director Mike Hayden as his assistant at Fort Meade, MD.
  • After 9/11, recalled to active duty. Selected by Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld to create interrogation system and center at Guantanamo, Joint Task Force 170.
  • At Guantanamo in 2002, Dunlavey imposed isolation on prisoners, removed Geneva protections, and ousted the Red Cross. The interrogation system he implemented was based on “enhanced” techniques drawn from the SERE anti-torture training program and utilizing psychologists and medical professionals to shield interrogators from charges of torture.
  • Ordered a memo from JAG officer Diane Beaver defending the withdrawal of Geneva protections from prisoners at Guantanamo.
  • In November 2002, when Guantanamo was reorganized along the lines of a CIA black site, Dunlavey was recalled to Washington, where he served as Associate Director for Homeland Security at the CIA.
  • Retired from the army in 2004, resumed his judgeship in Erie, PA. Re-elected in 2009.
  • Retired from the bench in 2012, "to concentrate on his cancer treatment."

John Leso

Torture Connection: 
Invented 'Category 3' interrogations

Major John Francis Leso

  • 2002-2003  Member, Behavioral Science Consultation Team JTF-GTMO
  • 2002  Author, interrogation protocol that relied in part on SERE “reverse-engineered” torture techniques
  • 2002, 2003  Chief of the Clinical Psychology Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center
  • 2005  U.S. Embassy Austria
  • 1996-current?  Member, American Psychological Association (APA)

Larry James

Torture Connection: 
One of the Gitmo psychologists
  • Born in New Orleans, LA
  • 1998-2003  Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Chair of the Department of Psychology 
  • 2001  The Pentagon, Chief Psychologist for the Mental Health Task Force
  • 2003  Chair of the Psychology Department, Tripler Army Medical Center in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • 2003  Joint Task Force Guantanamo, Chief Psychologist, Joint Intelligence Group
  • 2004  Abu Ghraib, Director, Behavioral Science Unit, Joint Interrogation and Debriefing Center at Abu Ghraib
  • 2007-2008  Guantanamo Chief Psychologist
  • 2008 Author, Fixing Hell: An Army Psychologist Confronts Abu Ghraib
  • 2008-Current  Dean, School of Professional Psychology at Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio
  • 2009  President, American Board of Health Psychology
  • 2009-2010  President elect, Division of Military Psychology, American Psychological Association

Mary Walker

Torture Connection: 
Sidelined Detainee Rights Working Group

  • Graduated from University of California at Berkeley and Boston University School of Law.
  • Partner at Brobeck, Phleger and Harrison, 1995-2001.
  • Partner at Luce, Forward, Hamilton and Scripps, 1991-1995.
  • Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health at U.S. Department of Energy in the Reagan administration, 1985-1988.
  • Deputy Solicitor at the U.S. Department of the Interior during the Reagan administration, 1984-1985.
  • Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General in the Environment and Natural Resources Division at the U.S. Department of Justice during the Regan administration, 1982-1984.

Donald Rumsfeld

Torture Connection: 
Set the tone at the Pentagon for trickle-down torture
  • Born 1932, Evanston, Illinois.
  • Graduated from Princeton. Attended Georgetown University Law Center but did not graduate.
  • Elected to U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois beginning in 1962.
  • Joined Nixon White House in 1969. Served in several positions, eventually at cabinet level and as U.S. representative to NATO.
  • Became White House Chief of Staff, then Secretary of Defense for President Ford.
  • Headed corporations including G.D. Searle pharmaeuticals and General Instument.
  • Served as George W. Bush's Secretary of Defense, 2001-2006.
  • In retirement, named a one-year fellow at the Hoover Institution at Stanford University.

Geoffrey Miller

Torture Connection: 
Brought Guantanamo to Abu Ghraib
  • Born 1949, Menard, TX
  • Grew up in Gallipolis, OH
  • B.A. in history, Ohio State University. M.S. Educational Administration, University of Southern California.
  • Joined army in 1972, commissioned through ROTC.
  • As a major general, supervised Guantanamo operations, including prisoner interrogations there.
  • In September 2003, sent to Iraq by Donald Rumsfeld to "Gitmo-ize" U.S.-run prisons in Iraq, including Abu Ghraib. 
  • In 2004, assigned to run prisons in Iraq.
  • In May 2006, refused to testify in trial of dog-handlers at Abu Ghraib.
  • Retired from military in July 2006.

William Haynes

Torture Connection: 
The Enabler
  • Born 1958, Waco, Texas.
  • Graduated from Davidson College, Harvard Law School.
  • Partner with law firm Jenner & Block, associate counsel with General Dynamics Corp.
  • Staff counsel for Defense Department when Cheney was secretary; Haynes's immediate supervisor was David Addington
  • General Counsel for Rumsfeld's Defense Dept., 2001-2008 (Addington's old job)
  • Left government in February 2008 to become Chief Corporate Counsel for Chevron

Douglas Feith

Torture Connection: 
Authored legal arguments to abandon Geneva Conventions
  • Born 1953, Philadelphia.
  • Graduated from Harvard University and Georgetown University Law School.
  • Under Reagan, worked on National Security Council, then in Defense Department under Richard Perle and Caspar Weinberger.
  • During Clinton years, worked as a private lawyer and a lobbyist for the government of Turkey.
  • Under Bush, served as Deputy Undersecretary of Defense for Policy.
  • After leaving government, joined Hudson Institute think tank

Daniel DellOrto

Torture Connection: 
Point man for torture
  • B.S. in Aerospace Engineering, Notre Dame
  • MBA, Pepperdine University
  • J.D., St. John's University
  • LLM, Georgetown University
  • Served 27 years in U.S. Air Force, retiring at rank of colonel
  • In 1998, as a civilian, named Principal Deputy General Counsel for the Air Force
  • From 2000, served as Principal Deputy General Counsel for the Department of Defense
  • Since 2009, Senior Vice President and General Counsel for A&M General, a military contractor manufacturing Humvee vehicles

David Becker

Torture Connection: 
Guantanamo's Head Torturer
  • Grew up in a small town in Kansas
  • U.S. Army, interrogator
  • Defense Intelligence Agency, civilian analyst
  • Chief of the “Interrogation Control Element” in Guantanamo
  • Supervised interrogations of Mohammed al Qahtani, also known as the “20th high-jacker”

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